Urs Fischbacher, Schweizer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und Professor für angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität Konstanz, hält am 08.01.2018 einen Vortrag mit dem Titel “Incentives for conformity and disconformity”. Der Vortrag findet von 13 Uhr bis 14 Uhr in Raum Q4.245 statt und ist Teil der Seminarreihe „Economics and Management“. Anschließend steht Herr Fischbacher für Gespräche im Rahmen des Forschungscáfes zur Verfügung. Weitere Informationen und Termine der Vortragsreihe: https://wiwi.uni-paderborn.de/dep1/me/research/discussing-research/seam/.
There is abundant evidence for conformity but there are also situations in which people try to set themselves apart. We investigate how punishment and reward affect these behaviors. We rely on a 3 (punishment vs. no incentive vs. reward) x 2 (arts vs. quiz) experiment design.
First, two subjects make a binary choice. In the arts treatment, they choose one out of two arts postcards and in the quiz treatment, they choose one out of two answers to a difficult knowledge question. Then, a third person makes the same choice, knowing the decision of the first two subjects. Since this third person also makes unconditional decisions in which the two options each are compared with a third option, we can infer whether subjects make conform, disconform, or autonomous choices.
Finally, evaluators are shown the three choices of a group and, depending on the treatment, assign a bonus or a deduction to one of the three subjects. We find that punishment leads to more conformity and reward leads to more disconformity, and we find more conformity in the quiz treatments than in the arts treatments. Disconformity is rare. It exists only in the reward treatment and it is stronger in the arts than in the quiz treatment.